so I understand how to solve quadratic inequalities and quadratic inequalities with an unknown denominator of one variable.

But I can't seem to be able to do problems where an expression is in the denominator, I know that you multiply both sides by the square of the expression but get stuck at the point where you need to factor out the expression to get a quadratic.

Generally speaking, when approaching inequalities involving familar graphs like the one in your example, or a parabola -- it might be easier to quickly sketch it and make sense out of what you are solving.

**Graphical Approach**For instance to solve \(\frac{1}{x+3}<-5\). Sketch the actual hyperbola and the line \(y=-5\) and label it's point of intersection. It should be easy to recognize that the solution to the inequality is \(\left(-\frac{16}{5},\:-3\right)\) after finding that it the \(\frac{1}{x+3}\) intersects \(y=-5\) at \(x=-\frac{16}{5}\).

Sketch of the graph

Below is a sketch of the graph where the green line is the asymptote and blue line is \(y=-5\)

**Quadratic Approach**If you really wanted to turn the inequality into a quadratic inequality, you could do so as such.

1. Multiply the inequality \(\frac{1}{x+3}<-5\) by \(\left(x+3\right)^2\). This will yield to the following results:

\(\Longrightarrow \frac{\left(x+3\right)^2}{x+3}<-5\left(x+3\right)^2\)

\(\Longrightarrow \left(x+3\right)<-5\left(x+3\right)^2\)

\(\Longrightarrow 0<-5\left(x+3\right)^2-\left(x+3\right)\)

2. Try and factor the resulting expression by factoring out \(\left(x+3\right)\) as such

\(\Longrightarrow 0<-5\left(x+3\right)^2-\left(x+3\right)\)

\(\Longrightarrow 0<\left(x+3\right)\left[-5\left(x+3\right)-1\right]\)

\(\Longrightarrow 0<\left(x+3\right)\left(-5x-16\right)\)

\(\Longrightarrow 0<-\left(x+3\right)\left(5x+16\right)\)

This is how we "factor out the expression to get the quadratic". From here you can solve as you would solve a quadratic inequality. HOWEVER, make sure you

**do not** forget to consider that \(x\ne -3\) because \(\frac{1}{-3+3}\) is undefined. (ie. make sure you look back at your original function before considering whether it's inclusive or exclusive)

Hope this helps, and don't hesitate to ask any questions if you are confused!